Test Driven Development (TDD) as a part of agile methodology
Software (especially Python) developers know that there are a lot of complications on the way to the production code and even more after adding changes to it. This is the reason why more and more businesses start to shift to agile technologies and test-based practices for software developing.
Test Driven Development (TDD) is a software development methodology that demands writing of tests prior to the writing of application code. TDD fundamentally changed approach to the developing process and started applying tests not only for the verification of the written code, but as the first and essential step of application building. TDD helps developers to concentrate on the small consecutive functional parts that working together will result into solid and fail-proof application code. Python syntax becomes even more reliable and maintainable.
TDD is a set of strict cyclic actions:
- Write a test.
Programmer must fully understand the app requirements and divide them into the most simple parts. Each test must concern very limited scope and describe only one feature that needs to be implemented.
- Run the test and make sure it fails.
Since test is written before the actual code exists, it will definitely fail. It is essential to run all the tests and verify that only the newest one fails. It is a proof that all previously written code is working correctly. Moreover, this step will ensure that test doesn’t pass mistakenly, still requires a new code, and tests the right feature.
- Write just minimal code to make the test pass.
Programmer on this stage writes the bare minimum of code to implement the feature and pass the test successfully. This code is not final and will be modified on the next stages.
- Pass all tests.
The developer checks if new test along with all previous ones succeeds. This step verifies that written code meets all test requirements and doesn’t cause any other tests to fail.
- Refactor your code.
Refactoring is the process of code restructuring and optimization. Code is made simpler and more comprehensible.TDD encourages and aids refactoring. In this way code guidelines are met and code is neatly organized at the same time.
- Repeat the cycle and add new test.
Programmer produced a working code for a certain feature. But test-driven development is a cyclic process and programmer needs to define a new feature and start the process by writing a new test for it.
The advantages of TDD approach are numerous:
- Test coverage. Every code line is executed, tested and used in application. There are tests for all production code that can be run at any time and verify that code changes don’t intervene with the work of application.
- Valuable documentation. Since the tests describe how the app should work and ensure that code meets requirements, it can be a form of documentation. Usually tests are simple to read and unambiguous. They can’t be outdated because production code passes them.
- User-friendly. When programmers write tests before the code they have to put themselves into user’s shoes and make an API easy and convenient to work with. It improves the resulting design and helps to achieve aim using the shortest path.
- Shorter debugging time. When programmer has a test and uses it every few steps, the code has fewer defects and debugger is used less frequently that improves code quality and reduces time for debugging.